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Macmillan Learning

File formats available

We will provide the most accessible format possible according to the availability of files for each title.

Image descriptions - Our files do not currently contain image descriptions but we aware of the importance of this aspect of our files and we are looking into adding image descriptions in the future.

Print PDF

Print PDF is our most commonly available electronic format, and is usually supplied as a single combined book file. However, please notify us if you would like chapter separated files. Our Print PDF files will have a text layer that permits text to speech, reflow and colour change functions. These files do not contain bookmarks, a tagged reading order or Alt text.

eBook PDF (or WebPDF)

Where possible we will provide eBook PDF files. As with Print PDFs, our eBook PDFs will have a text layer that permits text to speech, reflow and colour change functions. In addition to these, our eBook PDFs contain bookmarks which structure main headings and subheadings. These files do not contain a tagged reading order or Alt-text.


Most of our titles are also available in this format, although some older titles may be subject to availability.

Our EPUB2 files are fully reflowable with hyperlinked headings, subheadings, figures, tables and numbered in-text citations, and as such, have more accessibility features than print or eBook PDFs. Our EPUB2 files do not currently contain Alt-text tags. In some instances, complex mathematical formulae will be displayed as images.


Currently, only some of our books are available in ePub3 format, offering interactive features designed to support and enhance the learning process.

ePub3 files support a much higher level of content accessibility, through flexible navigation, dynamic layouts, aural renditions and media overlays which synchronise text and audio, all of which provide a much more accessible product.

Which file should I use?

If you want information on making the most of PDF accessibility, see the PDFs guidance on the Jisc website. These include how to navigate through PDFs, magnify and reflow text, auto scroll or read out loud.

Further Information

If the above formats do not meet your requirements, please contact us to discuss alternative options. Dependent on title availability, Springer Nature may arrange conversion to eBook PDF (with tagged reading order and bookmarks) or reflowable ePUB3. This will take approximately two weeks to process.

Please note that as Word.doc/x or braille formats are not a standard publishing output Springer Nature are unable to provide these files. If you require conversion to these formats please be aware that this should be arranged via your library.

All files supplied by us are not protected by Digital Rights Management.

This information was last updated 8th May 2019.